Diabetes | Type 1 Diabetes | Type 2 Diabetes | MedlinePlus

 

article about diabetes

There is no cure for type 1 diabetes (except for a pancreas or islet cell transplant). Treating either type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes involves nutrition, activity and medicines to control blood sugar level. Everyone with diabetes should receive proper education and support about the . Intended for busy health care professionals with little time to review articles in depth, Diabetes Core Update discusses the latest research published in ADA journals and how it can be applied in a treatment setting. New episodes are posted monthly. 9/20/ - The increasing prevalence of obesity and diabetes in our modern society may be at least partly due to flawed governmental dietary recommendations that are based on bogus science, some experts say. A recent article published by Finnish website Ink Tank explores the evolution of mankind and the changes.


Diabetes - Harvard Health


Diabetes mellitus refers article about diabetes a group of diseases that affect how your body uses article about diabetes sugar glucose. Glucose is vital to your health because it's an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. It's also your brain's main source of fuel.

The underlying cause of diabetes varies by type. But, no matter what type of diabetes you have, it can lead to excess sugar in your blood. Too much sugar in your blood can lead to serious health problems. Chronic diabetes conditions include type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Potentially reversible diabetes conditions include prediabetes — when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, article about diabetes not high enough to be classified as diabetes — and gestational diabetes, which occurs during pregnancy but may resolve after article about diabetes baby is delivered.

Diabetes symptoms vary depending on how much your blood sugar is elevated. Some people, especially those with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, may not experience symptoms initially.

In type 1 diabetes, symptoms tend to come on quickly and be more severe. Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, though it often appears during childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes, article about diabetes, the more common type, can develop at any age, though it's more common in people older than Glucose — a sugar — is a source of energy for the cells that make up muscles and other tissues.

The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. What is known is that your immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria or viruses — attacks and destroys your insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This leaves you with little or no insulin.

Instead of being transported into your cells, sugar builds up in your bloodstream. Type 1 is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors, though exactly what those factors are is still unclear. Weight is not believed to be a factor in type 1 diabetes.

In prediabetes — which can lead article about diabetes type 2 diabetes — and in type 2 diabetes, your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, and your pancreas is unable to make enough insulin to overcome this resistance.

Instead of moving into your cells where it's needed for energy, sugar builds up in your bloodstream. Exactly why this happens is uncertain, although it's believed that genetic and environmental factors play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes too. Being overweight is strongly linked to the development of type 2 diabetes, but not everyone with type 2 is overweight.

During pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones to sustain your pregnancy. These hormones make your cells more resistant to insulin. Normally, your pancreas responds by producing enough extra insulin to overcome this resistance. But sometimes your pancreas can't keep up. When this happens, too little glucose gets into your cells and too much stays in your blood, resulting in gestational diabetes.

Although the exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown, factors that may signal an increased risk include:. Researchers don't fully understand why some people develop prediabetes and type 2 diabetes and others don't, article about diabetes. It's clear that certain factors increase the risk, however, including:. Any pregnant woman can develop gestational diabetes, but some women are at greater risk than are others. Risk factors for gestational diabetes include:.

Long-term complications of diabetes develop gradually. The longer you have diabetes — and the less controlled your blood sugar — the higher the risk of complications. Eventually, diabetes complications may be disabling or even life-threatening.

Possible complications include:. Nerve damage neuropathy. Excess sugar can injure the walls of the tiny blood vessels capillaries that nourish your nerves, especially in your legs. This can cause tingling, numbness, burning or pain that usually begins at the tips of the toes or fingers and gradually spreads upward.

Left untreated, you could lose all sense of feeling in the affected limbs. Damage to the nerves related to digestion can cause problems with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, article about diabetes.

For men, article about diabetes, it may lead to erectile dysfunction. Most women who have gestational diabetes deliver healthy babies. However, untreated or uncontrolled blood sugar levels can cause problems for you and your baby. Complications in your baby can occur as a result of gestational diabetes, including:. Complications in the mother also can occur as a result of gestational diabetes, including:. Type 1 diabetes can't be prevented.

However, the same healthy lifestyle choices that help treat prediabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes can also help prevent them:.

Lose excess pounds. If you're overweight, losing even 7 percent of your body weight — for example, 14 pounds 6. Don't try to lose weight during pregnancy, article about diabetes, however. Talk to your doctor about how much weight is healthy for you to gain during pregnancy.

To keep your weight in a healthy range, focus on permanent changes to your eating and exercise habits. Motivate yourself by remembering the benefits of losing weight, such as a healthier heart, more energy and improved self-esteem. Sometimes medication is an option article about diabetes well, article about diabetes.

Oral diabetes drugs such as metformin Glucophage, Glumetza, others may reduce article about diabetes risk of type 2 diabetes — but healthy lifestyle choices remain essential.

Have your blood sugar checked at least once a year to check that you haven't developed type 2 diabetes. Diabetes care at Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission.

This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar glucose. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. More Information Diabetes care at Mayo Clinic Diabetes and depression: Coping with the two conditions How diabetes affects your blood sugar. Share on: Facebook Twitter.

References Ferri FF. Diabetes mellitus. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor Philadelphia, article about diabetes, Pa. Accessed March 6, Standards of medical care in diabetes — Diabetes Care. Papadakis MA, et al. Diabetes mellitus and hypoglycemia. New York, N. Gabbe SG, et al. Diabetes mellitus complicating normal pregnancy. In: Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies. Accessed Jan. Cunningham FG, et al. In: Williams Obstetrics.

Artificial pancreas, article about diabetes. Accessed March 11, article about diabetes, Natural medicines in the clinical management of diabetes. Natural Medicines, article about diabetes. Morrow ES. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Kasper DL, et al. Diabetes mellitus: Diagnosis, classification and pathophysiology. In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine.

Accessed April 16, Dietary supplements. American Diabetes Association. Related 10 ways to avoid diabetes complications A1C test Amputation and diabetes Artificial sweeteners: Any effect on blood sugar? Bariatric surgery Blood glucose meters Blood glucose monitors Blood sugar levels can fluctuate for many reasons Blood sugar testing: Why, when and how Bone article about diabetes joint problems associated with diabetes Build resilience to better handle diabetes Caring for a loved one with diabetes Diabetes and carbs Diabetes and dental care Diabetes and depression: Coping with the two conditions Diabetes and electric blankets Diabetes and exercise: When to monitor your blood sugar Diabetes and fasting: Can I fast during Ramadan?

 

Diabetes: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

 

article about diabetes

 

The Pros and Cons of Diagnosing Diabetes With A1C Enzo Bonora, Jaakko Tuomilehto Diabetes Care May , 34 (Supplement 2) SS; DOI: /dcs Intended for busy health care professionals with little time to review articles in depth, Diabetes Core Update discusses the latest research published in ADA journals and how it can be applied in a treatment setting. New episodes are posted monthly. There is no cure for type 1 diabetes (except for a pancreas or islet cell transplant). Treating either type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes involves nutrition, activity and medicines to control blood sugar level. Everyone with diabetes should receive proper education and support about the .